Arthroscopy Definition

An arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that involves the surgeon creating a small incision in the area of a joint affected by arthritis or injury. While the patient is under anesthesia, a small camera fitted onto a narrow tube is inserted through the incision. The camera provides the surgeon with a view of inside the injured or arthritic joint.

An arthroscopic surgery can be a diagnostic or a treatment procedure involving other small surgical tools that clean or repair the injured or arthritic joint. Knee arthroscopy and shoulder arthroscopy are two common surgeries of this type.

Anterior view of an arthroscopy for knee osteoarthritis.