Hip osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition that causes pain and stiffness as cartilage in the hip joint wears away. The disease is not reversible, but a new study offers evidence of one concrete way that pain can be diminished and mobility can be improved.
For the study, a group of participants with hip osteoarthritis engaged in a 12-week exercise therapy program. The program, known as Tübingen exercise therapy approach (THüKo), involves both class-based and in-home training. It focuses on exercises to strengthen muscles and improve body awareness, balance, and flexibility.
After three months of treatment, the group who participated in the exercise program had less pain and more mobility compared with the control and placebo groups, who received no special treatment.
Treatment of hip osteoarthritis involves a combination of tactics such as physical therapy, oral or topical pain relievers, and possibly injections. Experts agree that physical therapy and exercise are important ways to maintain mobility and slow disease progression for those with hip osteoarthritis.
- Watch the Injections for Hip Osteoarthritis Video
In severe cases of hip osteoarthritis, a surgical procedure may be recommended. Options can include arthroscopy, osteotomy, or arthroplasty, also known as a total hip replacement.
- Inga Krauß, Benjamin Steinhilber, et al. "Exercise Therapy in Hip Osteoarthritis—A Randomized Controlled Trial." Dtsch Arztebl Int 2014; 111(35-36)