Surgery to remove a portion of bone near a joint affected by arthritis to shift the weight away from the degenerated cartilage is known as an osteotomy. The procedure is performed by an orthopedic surgeon most commonly for osteoarthritis, and is aimed towards reshaping the bones around the arthritic joint to support more evenly distributed weight.
Candidates most eligible for osteotomy are typically younger and more active. It is a procedure that some consider an alternative to joint replacement surgery. Knee osteotomy and hip osteotomy are two of the most common surgeries of this type.