In addition to the components of the joint itself, there are outside structures that contribute to strength and flexibility. These structures include muscles, tendons, and ligaments that help facilitate movement and provide stability to the moving bones. There are also a number of sacs called bursae that contain synovial fluid and provide extra cushioning.

In This Article:

Joint Pain Caused By Inflamed Bursa - Bursitis

Bursitis is a painful condition resulting from inflammation of a bursa sac. Symptoms of bursitis can be caused by repetitive movement, prolonged excessive pressure, or traumatic injury such as a car accident or a fall.

The normally smooth and slippery bursa sac becomes swollen and inflamed creating a rough surface that causes much friction when moved. Joint pain typically occurs with an inflamed bursa due to this increased friction.

See peer reviewed symptoms and treatments for inflammation and pain in the bursa sacs in the Bursitis Health Center


The joint is a complex organization of structures that work closely together to produce the movements needed for all activities; an injury to any part of this organization can have a profound effect on daily living. If left untreated, the malfunctioning structure will quickly cause more problems in the other parts of the joint as they try to compensate for the injury.


Due to the progressive nature of arthritic diseases, early diagnosis is essential to avoiding more serious problems that require aggressive treatments. Once treatment is started, maintaining an active lifestyle is important to the health and function of the joint. Regular activity and exercise help to:

  • Move the synovial fluid in and out of the joint space, bringing essential nutrients in and moving waste materials out.
  • Strengthen the surrounding muscles, helping take some of the pressure off the joint.

Dr. Grant Cooper is a physiatrist with several years of clinical experience, specializing in the non-surgical treatment of spine, joint, and muscle pain. He is the Co-Founder and Co-Director of Princeton Spine and Joint Center and the Co-Director of the Interventional Spine Program. Dr. Cooper has authored and edited 15 books.