The iliopsoas bursa is the largest bursa in the body. Located between the front of the hip joint and the hip flexor muscle, inflammation of the iliopsoas bursa caused by arthritis, trauma, or infection can lead to iliopsoas bursitis.
Typically, symptoms of iliopsoas bursitis include pain and stiffness in the groin and front of the hip joint. Moreover, these pain symptoms usually occur during upward movement of the leg, such as when walking up stairs. These symptoms differ from those of trochanteric bursitis, the most common type of hip bursitis.
Treatment for iliopsoas bursitis focuses on activity modification and physical therapy to strengthen the muscles surrounding the hip joint. Joint aspiration and surgical options are considered for cases of septic bursitis.