Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is the most common form of arthritis found in children. JRA can also be referred to as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) or juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA). The most common characterizations of JRA include joint inflammation, joint stiffness, and joint damage that causes alterations in growth patterns.
Juvenile arthritis affects each child differently, and some may experience few to no symptoms. Symptoms can also vary by day and activity level.
Despite the presence of symptoms, early diagnosis and treatment are essential in creating the most favorable outcome. Treatment programs will often include a combination of medication, exercise, special eye and dental care, and healthy diet practices.