Gout, Hyperuricemia and Purines

The body produces uric acid when it metabolizes chemical compounds called purines. Too much uric acid in the bloodstream is called hyperuricemia. In certain people, hyperuricemia can lead to gout, a common form of arthritis. Hyperuricemia may develop for one or a combination of reasons:

  • Your body produces too much uric acid. When a body produces too much uric acid, there is typically a genetic cause.
  • Your kidneys are not able to adequately filter and flush out uric acid from the bloodstream.
  • You consume foods and beverages that are high in purines.