Below are examples of how the surgical steps of an anterior approach hip replacement differ from the steps of the posterior approach, which is the most commonly utilized approach to hip replacement in the US.Location of incision
- During anterior hip replacement the incision is made at the front of the hip. This incision starts at the top of the pelvic bone (iliac crest) and extends down toward the top of the thigh.
- During posterior hip replacement the surgeon makes a curved incision on the side of the hip, just behind the greater trochanter, the knobby bit of bone that sticks out at the side from the top of the femur (thigh bone).
- During anterior hip replacement the surgeon works between the muscles, with minimal or no muscle cutting. Utilizing this interval between the muscles is called the Hueter approach, after a German surgeon who first described this method of entering the hip joint. It is a truly “internervous” approach, meaning the surgeon is working in between muscles supplied by different nerves, so it’s a natural separation that allows ready access to the hip joint.
- The traditional hip replacement approach requires surgeons to cut muscles and other soft tissue at the back of the hip to access the hip joint. First, the surgeon cuts the fascia lata, a wide piece of fibrous soft tissue at the top of the outer thigh, and the large gluteus maximus muscle that attaches to it. Next, the surgeon must cut the external rotators of the hip, which are small, short muscles that connect the top of the femur to the pelvis. These muscles provide hip stability, preventing the femur from dislocating out the back of the hip socket (posterior dislocation). These muscles are repaired and reattached at the end of the surgery.
- A surgeon tends to have a limited view of the hip joint during anterior hip replacement surgery, making the surgery technically challenging, especially for less experienced surgeons.
- A surgeon tends to have a good view of the hip joint and comfortable access to the hip joint during posterior hip replacement.
All hip replacements require the opening of the hip capsule and shaping the bones in order to implant prosthetic hip joint components.
In This Article:
- All About Anterior Hip Replacement
- Anterior vs. Posterior Hip Replacement Surgeries
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Anterior Hip Replacement
- Deciding to Have an Anterior Hip Replacement
- Hip Replacement Surgery Video
Is Anterior Hip Replacement Considered Minimally Invasive?
When some patients hear about the anterior approach, they think it involves a short incision. However, surgeons have learned that it is not the length of the incision that matters for recovery, but rather what the surgeon has to do to the muscles in order to enter the hip joint. Over the last two decades, studies have shown that trying to shorten the surgical incision while doing the same approach for hip replacement (and therefore the same muscle cutting) does not really result in any meaningful improvements for the patients in terms of pain or ease of recovery.
The idea behind the anterior approach, however, is that the muscle dissection on the inside is “minimally invasive”, meaning less muscle cutting and — for most patients — a faster, less painful recovery.