When hip osteoarthritis pain makes everyday living challenging, or if other treatments do not provide adequate pain relief, surgery may be recommended. Surgery options include:
Total Hip Replacement (Hip Arthroplasty)
The most common and successful surgery to treat hip osteoarthritis is hip replacement. About 10% of people will get a hip replacement in their lifetime.1
During hip replacement surgery, damaged cartilage and bony surfaces of the joint are removed and replaced with artificial prostheses. This is a major surgery, and most patients require between 6 weeks and 3 months to stop taking pain medication, regain the ability to walk normally, and fully return to daily activities.
During hip resurfacing, the ball of the hip’s ball-and-socket, called the femoral head, is shaped and covered with a smooth metal cap. The goal is to reduce friction within the ball-and-socket, reducing hip pain and enhancing hip movement. Some research suggests this procedure benefits active males under the age of 55; however, there are concerns about the effects of the release of metal ions into the blood (resulting from wear and corrosion) as well as the risk of needing a second surgery (revision surgery) compared to a total hip replacement.2-5
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These are surgeries that may be recommended in very early arthritis or for prevention of developing worsening arthritis. They are not recommended to treat more severe hip osteoarthritis.6