Osteoarthritis is a type of degenerative arthritis that occurs when the cartilage that acts as padding between the joints breaks down. Osteoarthritis is characterized by pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joint that is worse after periods of inactivity.

Treatment for osteoarthritis begins with a combination of physical therapy for exercises for arthritis and medication to control pain. In late stages of the disease, surgery is also a possibility.

Choose from the topics below for peer reviewed articles on osteoarthritis symptoms and treatments

Knee osteoarthritis risk factors include obesity, age over 45 years old, and prior knee injury. Although these traits increase the chance of developing knee arthritis, they are not causative.
An accurate diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis involves a comprehensive approach by a physician that includes an interview and physical exam as well as degeneration verified by diagnostic imaging.

Knee osteoarthritis symptoms can vary widely. Recognizing these symptoms early on can speed up treatment and prevent symptoms from getting worse.

Many known factors contribute to the development of osteoarthritis. Learn how factors such as age, genetics, and even past surgeries may increase the risk of developing arthritic joint pain.
Getting a diagnosis for osteoarthritis begins with a patient interview and exam and may include lab tests and/or medical imaging. Learn what tests may be used to diagnose arthritis.
Osteoarthritis can cause a wide array of symptoms, ranging from stiff and aching joints to bone spurs and a loss of range of motion.

There are many osteoarthritis treatments available today. Certain arthritis treatments, such as physical therapy, are considered standard, while others are less common and possibly controversial.