Osteoarthritis is a type of degenerative arthritis that occurs when the cartilage that acts as padding between the joints breaks down. Osteoarthritis is characterized by pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joint that is worse after periods of inactivity.

Treatment for osteoarthritis begins with a combination of physical therapy for exercises for arthritis and medication to control pain. In late stages of the disease, surgery is also a possibility.

Choose from the topics below for peer reviewed articles on osteoarthritis symptoms and treatments

There are many nonsurgical treatments for shoulder osteoarthritis that can be done at home. Different types of therapeutic injections and surgeries are also available.

Treating ankle arthritis may involve anything from periodically resting the joint and using shoe inserts to surgery. What treatment is recommended depends on the severity of the ankle pain and other factors, such as the patient’s age and lifestyle.
Acromioclavicular arthritis (AC joint arthritis) occurs at the front of the shoulder, where the collarbone meets the shoulder blade. The loss of cartilage can lead to shoulder pain and other symptoms. Medical imaging shows that people who report pain from AC joint arthritis often also have bone changes and/or a minor shoulder dislocation.
Ankle osteoarthritis involves the loss of cartilage. The loss of cartilage can lead to other changes, such as inflammation and alterations to the bones, that cause ankle pain.
Hip osteoarthritis is the third most common type of osteoarthritis, and can affect daily activities. Pain can develop from changes in the hip’s cartilage, bone, and other soft tissues.